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Hive的安装部署详解

xmjava 2021年05月02日 大数据 304 0

1.环境准备

1.1软件版本

hive-0.14 下载地址

2.配置

安装hive的前提,必需安装好hadoop环境,可以参考我之前Hadoop社区版搭建,先搭建好hadoop环境;接下来我们开始配置hive

2.1环境变量

sudo vi /etc/profile
HIVE_HOME=/home/hadoop/source/hive-0.14.0 
PATH=$HIVE_HOME/bin 
export  HIVE_HOME 

2.2hive-site.xml

<configuration> 
<property>    
  <name>datanucleus.fixedDatastore</name>    
  <value>false</value>    
</property> 
<property> 
  <name>hive.metastore.execute.setugi</name> 
  <value>true</value> 
</property> 
 
<property> 
  <name>hive.metastore.warehouse.dir</name> 
  <value>/home/hive/warehouse</value> 
  <description>location of default database for the warehouse</description> 
</property> 
 
<!-- metadata database connection configuration --> 
 
<property> 
  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL</name> 
  <value>jdbc:mysql://10.211.55.18:3306/hive?useUnicode=true&amp;characterEncoding=UTF-8&amp;createDatabaseIfNotExist=true</value> 
  <description>JDBC connect string for a JDBC metastore</description> 
</property> 
 
<property> 
  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionDriverName</name> 
  <value>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</value> 
  <description>Driver class name for a JDBC metastore</description> 
</property> 
 
<property> 
  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionUserName</name> 
  <value>root</value> 
  <description>username to use against metastore database</description> 
</property> 
 
<property> 
  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionPassword</name> 
  <value>root</value> 
  <description>password to use against metastore database</description> 
</property> 
 
<property> 
  <name>hive.hwi.listen.host</name> 
  <value>10.211.55.18</value> 
  <description>This is the host address the Hive Web Interface will listen on</description> 
</property> 
 
<property> 
  <name>hive.hwi.listen.port</name> 
  <value>9999</value> 
  <description>This is the port the Hive Web Interface will listen on</description> 
</property> 
 
<!-- configure hwi war package location --> 
<!-- 
<property> 
  <name>hive.hwi.war.file</name> 
  <value>lib/hive-hwi-0.14.0.war</value> 
  <description>This is the WAR file with the jsp content for Hive Web Interface</description> 
</property> 
--> 
</configuration>

 2.3hive-env.sh

# Set HADOOP_HOME to point to a specific hadoop install directory 
HADOOP_HOME=/home/hadoop/source/hadoop-2.5.1

2.4启动

[hadoop@cloud001 ~]$ hive 
 
Logging initialized using configuration in file:/home/hadoop/source/hive-0.14.0/conf/hive-log4j.properties 
SLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings. 
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/home/hadoop/source/hadoop-2.5.1/share/hadoop/common/lib/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.5.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class] 
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/home/hadoop/source/hive-0.14.0/lib/hive-jdbc-0.14.0-standalone.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class] 
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation. 
SLF4J: Actual binding is of type [org.slf4j.impl.Log4jLoggerFactory] 
hive> 

至此,hive配置完成。

注:由于配置的是mysql驱动,所以需要把mysql的驱动包放到$HIVE_HOME/lib下


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