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ios数据类型转换详解

itxm 2018年06月24日 手机开发 432 0

ios开发-数据类型转换

1,NSData 与 NSString

NSData --> NSString

NSString*aString = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:adata encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

NSString --> NSData

NSString*aString = @"1234";

NSData*aData = [aString dataUsingEncoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding];

 

2,NSData 与 Byte

     NSData --> Byte

 NSString*testString = @"1234567890";

     NSData *testData = [testString  dataUsingEncoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding];

     Byte *testByte = (Byte *)[testData bytes];

     Byte --> NSData

     Byte byte[] ={0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23};

     NSData *adata = [[NSData alloc] initWithBytes:byte    length:24];


Byte数组->16进制数

Byte *bytes = (Byte *)[aData bytes];

NSString *hexStr=@"";

for(int i=;i<[encryData length];i++)

{

NSString *newHexStr = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%x",bytes[i]&0xff];///16进制数

if([newHexStr length]==1)

hexStr = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"[email protected]%@",hexStr,newHexStr];

else 

hexStr = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",hexStr,newHexStr];

}

NSLog(@"bytes 的16进制数为:%@",hexStr);



     

16进制数->Byte数组

///// 将16进制数据转化成Byte 数组

NSString *hexString = @"3e435fab9c34891f"; //16进制字符串

int j=;

Byte bytes[128];  ///3ds key的Byte 数组, 128位

for(int i=;i<[hexString length];i++)

{

int int_ch;  /// 两位16进制数转化后的10进制数

 

unichar hex_char1 = [hexString characterAtIndex:i]; ////两位16进制数中的第一位(高位*16)

int int_ch1;

if(hex_char1 >= '0' && hex_char1 <='9')

int_ch1 = (hex_char1-48)*16;   //// 0 的Ascll - 48

else if(hex_char1 >= 'A' && hex_char1 <='F')

int_ch1 = (hex_char1-55)*16; //// A 的Ascll - 65

else 

int_ch1 = (hex_char1-87)*16; //// a 的Ascll - 97

i++;

 

unichar hex_char2 = [hexString characterAtIndex:i]; ///两位16进制数中的第二位(低位)

int int_ch2;

if(hex_char2 >= '0' && hex_char2 <='9')

int_ch2 = (hex_char2-48); //// 0 的Ascll - 48

else if(hex_char1 >= 'A' && hex_char1 <='F')

int_ch2 = hex_char2-55; //// A 的Ascll - 65

else 

int_ch2 = hex_char2-87; //// a 的Ascll - 97

 

int_ch = int_ch1+int_ch2;

NSLog(@"int_ch=%d",int_ch);

bytes[j] = int_ch;  ///将转化后的数放入Byte数组里

j++;

}

NSData *newData = [[NSData alloc] initWithBytes:bytes length:128];

NSLog(@"newData=%@",newData);

 

3,NSData 与 UIImage

NSData --> UIImage

UIImage*aimage = [UIImage imageWithData: imageData];

//例:从本地文件沙盒中取图片并转换为NSData

NSString*path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] bundlePath];

NSString*name = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"ceshi.png"];

NSString*finalPath = [path stringByAppendingPathComponent:name];

NSData*imageData = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile: finalPath];

UIImage*aimage = [UIImage imageWithData: imageData];

UIImage-> NSData

NSData*imageData = UIImagePNGRepresentation(aimae);

 

4,NSData 与 NSMutableData

NSData --> MSMutableData

NSData*data=[[NSData alloc]init];

NSMutableData*mdata=[[NSMutableData alloc]init];   

       mdata=[NSDatadataWithData:data];

 

5.NSDictionary类型转换为NSData类型:

//NSDictionary -> NSData:

 NSDictionary *params = [NSDictionarydictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys: @"balance", @"key", @"remaining balance",@"label",  @"45", @"value",   @"USD", @"currencyCode",nil];        

   NSMutableData *data =[[NSMutableData alloc] init];

 NSKeyedArchiver *archiver = [[NSKeyedArchiveralloc] initForWritingWithMutableData:data];

 [archiver encodeObject:paramsforKey:@"Some Key Value"];

 [archiver finishEncoding];

 

6.NSData类型转换为NSDictionary类型:

//NSData -> NSDictionary

 NSData *data = [[NSMutableData alloc]initWithContentsOfFile:[self dataFilePath]];

 NSKeyedUnarchiver *unarchiver =[[NSKeyedUnarchiver alloc] initForReadingWithData:data];

 NSDictionary *myDictionary = [[unarchiverdecodeObjectForKey:@"Some Key Value"] retain];

[unarchiver finishDecoding];[unarchiver release];

 [data release];

 

7: NSData NSArray 转换

  NSArray *arr1= [[NSArray alloc]initWithObjects:@"0",@"5",nil];

    NSData *data= [NSKeyedArchiver archivedDataWithRootObject:arr1];

    NSArray *arr2= [NSKeyedUnarchiver unarchiveObjectWithData:data];


    NSLog(@"->%@",[arr1 objectAtIndex:1]);
    NSLog(@"->%@",[arr2 objectAtIndex:1]);

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